How to use React Event Emitter 3

Kavinda Silva
2 min readOct 24, 2020


Install event emitter using this command

npm install --save eventemitter3

This is npm page for the package we are going to use.

Let’s be patient while this npm package installed. And we are ready to proceed.

It is better if we create this event emitter related code in a one file. It is plain javascript file, emitter.js in my case.

import EventEmitter from 'eventemitter3';const eventEmitter = new EventEmitter();const Emitter = {
on: (event, fn) => eventEmitter.on(event, fn),
once: (event, fn) => eventEmitter.once(event, fn),
off: (event, fn) =>, fn),
emit: (event, payload) => eventEmitter.emit(event, payload),
export default Emitter;

So now we can import this event emitter (emitter.js) to any component like below

import Emitter from '<path-to-event-emitter>/emitter';

Now let’s assume we need to fire an event based on some condition. We can emit event like in below code.

Emitter.emit(SOME_CONSTANT_EVENT_NAME_ONE,data_object_for_the_called_function} );

And also we need to an event listener for this SOME_CONSTANT_EVENT_NAME_ONE. We can define that event listener in another file or same file, as defined below.

useEffect( () => {
Emitter.on(SOME_CONSTANT_EVENT_NAME_ONE, someFunction);
return () => {, someFunction);
someFunction = (data) => {
// do something with data

That’s the very simple example of using React event emitter3. We can emit and catch multiple events using different event names (like SOME_CONSTANT_EVENT_NAME_ONE).

The main advantage taken from the event emitter was communicating changes happened in a component to another component, in projects where Redux is not used. And those communicating components were far way in the component hierarchy.

This article and more articles are available in following link

Thanks for the reading



Kavinda Silva

Full stack software engineer, likes to share uncommon but useful content public